In this image taken by South Korea's geostationary satellite, Chollian-2A, at 7:20 a.m. on Sept. 5, 2022, and released by the National Meteorological Satellite Center, Typhoon Hinnamnor is seen moving northward near the country's largest island of Jeju. (Yonhap)

SEOUL – Super Typhoon Hinnamnor has gradually moved northward to reach waters off the southern island of Jeju on Monday, the state weather agency said, as South Korea braces for what could be the most powerful storm ever to hit the country.

As of 5 a.m., the typhoon, the 11th this year, was located 550 kilometers south-southwest of Jeju's Seogwipo, moving north at a speed of 22 kilometers per hour, according to the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA).

The speed is faster than an earlier estimate of 12 kph, and the typhoon is classified as a "very strong" packing a maximum sustained wind speed of 49 meters per second.

Typhoons are classified into four categories: medium, strong, very strong and super strong. Super strong refers to typhoons with a maximum wind speed of at least 54 meters per second.

After brushing past Jeju, “Hinnamnor” is forecast to gain momentum to make landfall 80 km north-northwest of the southern port city of Busan by 9 a.m. Tuesday, with an atmospheric pressure of 955 hectopascals at its center, according to the KMA.

The typhoon's strength when it reaches Busan is forecast to weaken to "strong," although it is expected to become the strongest typhoon ever to make landfall in South Korea.

“Hinnamnor” is forecast to maintain its strength after passing through the Korean Peninsula, the KMA said.

A heavy rain warning was issued for all parts of the country until Tuesday, the KMA said.

The country is expected to receive an accumulated rainfall between 100 and 300 millimeters on Monday and Tuesday, with the mountainous areas of Jeju and some southern coastal regions receiving more than 600 millimeters and 400 millimeters, respectively, the KMA said.

The typhoon could also bring record strong winds, with the KMA forecasting maximum speeds of 40 to 60 meters per second in Jeju and other lower coastal areas between Monday night and Tuesday.

The current record is 63.7 meters per second measured in the eastern coastal city of Sokcho on Oct. 23, 2006.

No casualties have been reported from the effects of “Hinnamnor” so far.

The Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters' emergency response posture was upgraded to the highest level as of 4:30 p.m. Sunday for the first time in five years in terms of the typhoon response.

A series of ferry services and flights were canceled across the country.

Out of 67 domestic flights leaving the Gimpo International Airport, located just west of Seoul, as of 9 a.m. Monday, 13 had been cancelled, according to airport authorities.

Across the country, a total of 38 domestic flights were cancelled, in addition to 294, according to the Korea Airports Corporation.

The government also recommended schools skip classes or switch to online learning and private companies adjust work hours Tuesday morning, when Hinnamnor is expected to make landfall. (Yonhap)

Telcos set up emergency measures

South Korea's three major telecom operators have set up emergency measures to deal with potential network disruptions “Hinnamnor”.

KT Corp., South Korea's No. 1 fixed-line operator and second-largest mobile carrier, said it has established emergency situation centers against the typhoon in major cities and plans to operate them until Sept. 13.

The company has placed emergency equipment, such as power generation vehicles, indoor ventilation fans and water pumps, at major regional network centers.

Leading wireless carrier SK Telecom Co. has also established a joint emergency situation center with affiliate SK Broadband Co. to monitor typhoon damage and provide supplies at facilities affected by the storm.

The company said it has mobilized emergency power generators at key facilities and has prepared against possible base station outages at subway stations prone to flooding.

LG Uplus Corp. is also operating an internal 24-hour emergency situation center and has placed key equipment supplies at regional network facilities to immediately deal with possible problems.

It is also preparing to provide free Wi-Fi access and other telecom support at emergency shelters that may be established due to storm and flood damage.

The Ministry of Science and ICT, which oversees the telecom industry, held a disaster response meeting to review related government measures against the typhoon in the communications, broadcast and postal industries.

ICT Minister Lee Jong-ho asked broadcasters and telecom operators to work toward minimizing damage from the typhoon in their sectors, pointing out that their services are essential in people being able to contact loved ones and acquire important safety information in times of disasters. (Yonhap)